History of Feinauer

Veinau – Feinaw – Veynawe – Fynawe – Feynawer – Feinauer
…and many other different spellings are found.

Picture of the Town Veinau

Picture of the Town Veinau

The recorders of past times wrote these surnames as they heard them. In different places and even in one place where the recorder of churchbooks changed, we find different ways of spelling because, for example, the documentator changed. He may have had a different dialect, he may have even been hard of hearing.

Even within one and the same family it happened that the surnames of children were spelled differently. For example, within one Feinaber family you will find the children named Feinhaber and Feynauer.

The origin of my ancestors surname is certainly derived from the place Veinau, which nowadays still is a small hamlet with just a few farmsteads.

According to the chronicle of Hall (page 68) Bielrieth castle was built by the von Veinau and they also owned a castle zu Veinau and furthermore that there is a seal of the noblemen von Veinau von Bielriet and also a Coat of Arms with three roses like Veinau.

Emblem of Veinau anno 1288

Emblem of Veinau anno 1288

Back then surnames were uncommon but the respective domiciles gave the name.
Veinau castle was located aprroximately thirty minutes away from Bielriet and already dissapeared in the 16th century. The noblemen and knights of Veinau had already sold their estates at the beginning of the 14th century and settled as the ‘vasalles of the monarches von Hohenlohe in the area of the Jagst and Kocher rivers. The von Veinau were very wealthy, however, in the course of time they lost their possessions. According to the ‘Ganerben-registers’ they were related to all the Hohenlohe aristrocracy, among them also Götz von Berlichingen. The last von Veinau are found in what later became the later ‘Reichstadt Hall’.


Town hall of Schwäbisch Hall

Town hall of Schwäbisch Hall

Due to quarrels between the aristocracy and the citizens of Hall many noblemen left the city. In one family the older sister was still called von Veinau (Veynawe) whereas her younger brothers called themselfs Veinauer (Veynawer). The Veynawer (Feynawer) moved from Hall further down the Kocher river to Geislingen and to the uphill farmsteads of Hergershof and Rueckertsbronn.

During the time of the reformation the Veinauer’s of Hall and Hohenlohe were the first to renounce from the Roman catholic church.

Three main branches of the today’s Feinauer descend from Hergershof:

One branch went via Plochingen at the Neckar river to Stuttgart and into the Black Forest. The second branch went towards Kemmeten in Hohenlohe and to the area of Ansbach in Franconia. The third branch went via Pfedelbach-Windischenbach to Allmersbach near Backnang and also to Ilsfeld.

The Ilsfeld branch is the most common in the world. We find decendants of this branch in Africa, America and Australia.

If this has made you curious and you would like to learn more about your Feinauer ancestors please contact me by email, letter or telefax.

I am also able to supply further information and would be happy to exchange data on the following families:

– Jäger, from 1641 in Wahlheim/Neckar until 1869 in Dimbach

– Busch, from 1725 until 1842 in Dimbach

– Schmautz (Schmauz) from 1535 in Möglingen, from 1599 until 1869 in Asperg

(I am searching for Oßwald Schmautz, born before 1535)

– Rümmele from 1750 in Hedelfingen until 1869 in Asperg.



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